Acheson Coat of Arms / Acheson Surname History
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|Surname:||Acheson (D87396) To order this coat of arms enter the Surname and number as shown into the order page when asked for a surname.|
|History:||Variant of Scottish Atchison. This spelling is of Scottish origin, but since the 17th century has been especially common in northern Ireland.|
|ANCESTORS: Among the individuals who brought this name from northern Ireland to North America was John Acheson (d. 1791). He took up residence in Washington, DC, where he was joined by his brother Thomas c. 1786. John founded a business furnishing government troops with supplies in the Indian wars. Their ancestor Archibald Acheson had moved from Gosford, Haddington, Scotland, to Ulster in 1604, where he received lands from King James VI as part of the 'plantation' of Ulster by Protestant Scots.|
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SURNAMES ORIGIN & HISTORY
European surnames first occurred between the 11th and 15th centuries, with some patronymic surnames in Scandinavia being acquired as late as the 19th century. Prior to this time period, particularly during the "Dark Ages" between the 5th and 11th centuries, people were largely illiterate, lived in rural areas or small villages, and had little need of distinction beyond their given names. During Biblical times people were often referred to by their given names and the locality in which they resided such as "Jesus of Nazareth." However, as populations grew, the need to identify individuals by surnames became a necessity. The acquisition of surnames during the past 800 years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, cultural tradition, and naming practices in neighboring cultures.
The majority of surnames are derived from patronymics, i.e. the forming of a surname from the father's given name such as Johnson, meaning literally "the son of John." In some rare cases, the naming practice was metronymic, wherin the surname was derived from the mother's give name such as Catling, Marguerite or Dyott.
Other popular methods of origin for surnames are derived from place names or geographical names such as England, occupational names such as Smith or Carpenter in the British Isles; Schmidt or Zimmerman in Germany, etc. Less popular methods of surname origins include housenames such as Rothchild, surnames derived from nicknames of physical descriptions such as Blake or Hoch, or after one's character such as Stern or Gentile. In some cases an individual was named after a bird or an animal such as Lamb for a gentile or inoffensive person, while Fox was used for a person who was cunning. Surnames were also derived from anectodotal events such as Death and Leggatt, or seasons such as Winter and Spring, and status such as Bachelor, Knight and Squire.
Surname spelling and pronunciation has evolved over centuries, with our current generation often unaware of the origin and evolution of their surnames. Among the humbler classes of European society, and especially among the illiterate, individuals had little choice but to accept the mistakes of officials, clerks, and priests who officially bestowed upon them new versions of their surnames, just as they had meekly accepted the surnames which they were born with. In North America, the linguistic problems confronting immigration officials at Ellis Island in the 19th century were legendary as a prolific source of Anglicization. In the United States such processes of official and accidental change caused Bauch to become Baugh, Micsza to become McShea, Siminowicz to become Simmons, etc. Many immigrants deliberately Anglicized or changed their surnames upon arrival in the New World, so that Mlynar became Miller, Zimmerman became Carpenter, and Schwarz became Black.
When searching for a coat of arms from countries other than England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, they are reffered to by different names, in
Germany: Wappen, Familienwappen, Blasonierung, Heraldik, Wappenschablonen
Netherlands: Wapen, Wapenschid, Heraldiek, Familiewapen
Sweden: Slaktvapen, Heraldik
Poland: Herby, Herb, Herbu, Herbarz
Spain: Heraldica de Apellidos, Escudo, Heraldaria
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Q. What's the difference between a Coat of Arms & Family Crest?
A. A coat of arms technically refers to the cloth covering worn by knights over their armor to display their arms. Arms are the correct term used to describe what we call today a Coat of Arms or Family Crest, with a Crest being the charge (symbol) over the helmet, so both terms coat of arms and family crest are the same thing.
Q. Why is the Surname History Origin and Coat of Arms Origin different?
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